Public consultation on Enquiry Drafts of revised PEFC International Standards for Chain of Custody and Trademark Rules

ED PEFC ST 2002:201X, Chain of Custody of Forest and Tree Based Products - Requirements

Document name: Chain of Custody of Forest and Tree Based Products - Requirements

Document title: PEFC ST 2002:201X, Enquiry Draft

Approved by: PEFC Chain of Custody and Labelling Working Group Date: 2019-03-27

Issue date: [Maximum of four weeks after approval date]

Date of entry into force: [Six months after issue date]

Transition date: [Twelve months after date of entry into force]         


The Programme for the Endorsement of Forest Certification schemes, PEFC in short, is an international organisation promoting sustainable forest management through forest management and chain of custody certification and labelling of forest and tree based products.

PEFC certified sustainable forest management works through the PEFC endorsement of national and regional forest certification schemes, which were independently assessed to be in compliance with PEFC’s sustainability benchmarks for forest management certification standards.

PEFC chain of custody certification is based on this standard. This standard delivers confidence that forest and tree based material in products with the PEFC claim or label originates in PEFC certified sustainably managed forests, recycled material and/or controlled material.

This standard was developed in an open, transparent, consultative and consensus based process covering a broad range of stakeholders, following PEFC’s procedures for the development of technical documentation outlined in PEFC GD 1003:2009.

This standard replaces PEFC ST 2002:2013, Second edition as of [date of entry into force].

The transition date is [transition date]. After this date PEFC requires all chain of custody certification to be following the requirements outlined in this standard. After the transition date all external (re-) certification and surveillance audits and all internal audits are expected to be carried out against this document.   


The objective of this standard is to allow organisations to provide accurate and verifiable information that forest and tree based products are sourced from PEFC certified sustainably managed forests, recycled material and controlled material.

Practical application and certification against this standard allows organisations to demonstrate their contribution in sustainable resource management and a strong commitment with UN Sustainable Development Goals.

The aim of communicating the origin of forest and tree based products is to encourage demand for and supply of those products originating in sustainably managed forests and thereby stimulating the potential for market-driven continuous improvement of management of the world’s forests.

1 Scope

This standard covers the requirements that need to be met by an organisation in order to successfully implement a chain of custody for forest and tree based products, and to make PEFC claims to customers on the origin of forest and tree based products in sustainably managed forests, recycled material and controlled material .

These chain of custody requirements describe a process of how to classify forest and tree based products according to specified material categories to transfer information about the source of procured raw material to an organisation’s output products.   This standard specifies three optional approaches for chain of custody, namely physical separation method, percentage method and credit method.

This standard also specifies management system requirements for the implementation and management of the chain of custody process, including requirements on health, safety and labour issues. An organisation’s quality (ISO 9001) or environmental management system (ISO 14001) may be used to implement the requirements for the management system defined in this standard.

The chain of custody shall be used in connection with PEFC claims.

Appendix 2 of this standard specifies the implementation of this standard by organisations with multiple sites.

The usage of claims and relating labels, as a result of implementation of the chain of custody, is based on ISO 14020. Consideration of recycled material within the chain of custody is based on the requirements of ISO/IEC 14021.

The labelling of products is considered as an optional communication tool which may be incorporated into the organisations chain of custody process(es). Where the organisation applies PEFC’s trademarks for on-product or off-product labelling, the requirements for PEFC trademark use become an integral part of chain of custody requirements.

This standard shall be implemented for the purposes of third party conformity assessment based on requirements defined by the PEFC Council or PEFC endorsed forest certification schemes. The conformity assessment is considered as product certification and shall follow ISO/IEC 17065.

The term “shall” is used throughout this standard to indicate those provisions that are mandatory. The term “should” is used to indicate those provisions which, although not mandatory, are expected to be adopted and implemented. The term “may” used throughout this standard indicates permission expressed by this standard whereas “can” refers to the ability of a user of this standard or to a possibility open to the user.

2 Normative references

The following referenced documents are indispensable for the application of this standard. For both dated and undated references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendment) applies.

PEFC GD 2001, Chain of Custody of Forest-Based Products - Guidance for Use

PEFC ST 2001, PEFC Trademark Rules – Requirements

PEFC ST 2003, Requirements for Certification Bodies operating Certification against the PEFC International Chain of Custody Standard

PEFC ST 2004, Requirements for Accreditation Bodies accrediting Certification Bodies operating Certification against the PEFC International Chain of Custody Standard [under development]

ISO/IEC Guide 2, Standardization and related activities -- General vocabulary

ISO 9000, Quality management systems -- Fundamentals and vocabulary

ISO 9001, Quality management systems -- Requirements

ISO 14001, Environmental management systems -- Requirements with guidance for use

ISO 14020, Environmental labels and declarations -- General principles

ISO 14021, Environmental labels and declarations -- Self-declared environmental claims (Type II environmental labelling)

ISO 19011, Guidelines for  auditing  management systems

ISO/IEC 17065, Conformity assessment – Requirements for bodies certifying products, processes and services

EN 643, Paper and board – European list of standard grades of recovered paper and board

PEFC IGD 3001, PEFC Glossary of Terms [under development]